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영어/영어 문법·어법

Delexical verb & Light verb

태뽕이 2021. 8. 16. 16:41
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• delexical verb

: 비어휘적 동사((특정 명사와 함께 사용될 때 그 자체의 의미가 거의 나타나지 않는 동사))

e.g.)

"Take" in "Take a walk" is a typical example of a delexical verb. 

"Take a walk"에서 "Take"는 전형적인 비어휘적 동사의 예이다.

 

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Light verb

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In linguistics, a light verb is a verb that has little semantic content of its own and forms a predicate with some additional expression, which is usually a noun.[1] Common verbs in English that can function as light verbs are dogivehavemake, and take. Other names for light verb include delexical verb,[2] vector verbexplicator verbthin verbempty verb and semantically weak verb (a semantically weak verb is not to be confused with a weak verb of the Germanic weak inflection, however). While light verbs are similar to auxiliary verbs regarding their contribution of meaning to the clauses in which they appear, light verbs fail the diagnostics that identify auxiliary verbs and are therefore distinct from auxiliaries.

Light verb constructions[3] challenge theories of compositionality because the words that form such constructions do not together qualify as constituents although the word combinations qualify as catenae.

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